How To Build A Gaming PC : Step-By-Step Guide


The PC is that the most powerful gaming platform out there. a robust gaming computer has the potential for higher resolutions, faster frame rates, and better visuals than current consoles can even compared to achieving. It are often very tempting to create your own gaming PC, but if you do not know where to start out , it also can be quite intimidating and switch you off entirely. Thankfully, it doesn’t need to be that way. PCs are much easier to create than they were within the past, and while it isn’t as easy as producing a Lego spaceship, you do not need to be frightened of it.

That’s why we’ve put together this straightforward guide the way to build a gaming PC. It’s intended for those that are a touch wary of building their first PC or simply need a touch refresher of the steps to doing so. We’ll cover everything from the prep phase and picking parts to the particular parts just like the CPU, GPU, motherboard, CPU cooler, disk drive (and yes, of course, which SSD you ought to contribute there) build and beyond. Of course, thanks to the present pandemic, many online stores are experiencing product shortages and shipping delays that would interfere together with your PC build.

Actually picking your parts are often daunting, especially once you think about compatibility and power consumption. There are tons of things to think about , partially because many of your components may believe your CPU being either from Intel or AMD. Thankfully, PC Part Picker is a useful resource that you simply should absolutely ask when building a PC. We used the web site to create our rig and highly recommend using it for yours. It makes it easy to remain within your budget and allows you to know if your components are compatible with each other–it’ll even make suggestions if there are issues together with your chosen parts.

If you are looking for a few accessories to round out your new gaming rig, inspect the simplest gaming mice, best gaming headset, best capture card for streaming, best gaming keyboard, and best budget gaming monitors.
Fortunately, you do not need many tools or extra parts to create your PC–almost everything you would like are going to be included in your components’ boxes. However, there are a couple of items you will need to possess ready before you begin building your PC.


For the overwhelming majority of your build, you will be employing a No. 2 Phillips screwdriver , but if you’re installing M.2 SSDs into your motherboard, then you’ll be wanting to use a smaller No. 1 Phillips screwdriver for that.


Thankfully, nearly every smartphone on the market are often used as a flashlight, and you’ll likely need it when installing certain cables and components into your case.

Thermal paste:

You’ll want a tube of thermal paste to stay your CPU’s temperature low during use. Most CPU coolers accompany thermal paste already applied, which suggests you will not need any extra. However, if you are doing find yourself buying a tube of thermal paste, you’ll clean the cooler’s paste off and use your own.

Terms to understand

We’ve attempted to simplify the method of building a gaming PC the maximum amount as possible here, but if you are not conversant in PC hardware, a number of the terms during this guide may have some clarification. We’ve briefly explained a number of the parts and terminology we’ll be using below. Be happy to reference this section as you’re employed on your build.

GPU: GPU stands for graphics processing unit; another name for a graphics card. this may handle displaying images on your PC. The more elaborate and sophisticated these images are, the more power you will need from your graphics card. The 2 big names within the graphics cards are Nvidia and AMD.

CPU: The CPU (central processing unit, also referred to as a processor) handles all of the processes and calculations on your PC. For your PC, you’ll choose a CPU from either Intel or AMD.

Motherboard: The motherboard is where all of the components are installed, allowing them to figure together and perform their functions properly.

SATA: SATA may be a sort of connection, like USB, that’s used for hard drives and SSDs to transfer data

PCIe: PCIe is another sort of connection, though it’s most ordinarily used for graphics cards and M.2 SSDs

NVMe: NVMe may be a sort of connection protocol which will be supported by M.2 SSDs. This provides much faster access to saving and accessing data.

M.2 SSD: An M.2 SSD may be a small stick that gives your PC with space for storing . you’ll get a SATA-based M.2 SSD or a PCIe-based M.2 SSD, the latter of which may support NVMe.

RAM: The RAM (or random access memory) is employed to store data and knowledge that’s being processed by the CPU. The more RAM you have–paired with a good-quality processor–the faster your PC can perform its various functions.

Cooling system: The cooling system is employed to guard the CPU from overheating.

PSU: The PSU (or power supply) supplies your PC and its various components with power.

OS: OS stands for OS . Most gaming PCs will utilize Windows 10–it’s what we suggest–though some people might want to put in Linux.

A look at some gaming PC builds

We’ve included a breakdown of our recommended PC build alongside a way cheaper gaming PC build. this could offer you a thought of the vast price range you’ll expect when beginning to build your first PC. costlier PC builds will absolutely rock your checking account , but they’re more likely to be future-proofed–you won’t got to upgrade the PC’s components for quite a while , and once you do, you likely won’t got to upgrade quite your graphics card. The cheaper PCs can still provide a superb experience at a way cheaper price, but you’ll got to upgrade it more often if you would like to stay up with new releases. Either way, you’re bound to have an incredible gaming experience, as long as you retain your expectations in restraint together with your budget. confine mind that a lot of a PC build lately lacks an optical drive (since actual disk usage is rare nowadays), but you usually add one later if you would like one.

Our gaming PC build

Exact price: INR 2,28,601 ($3,010)

Exact price: INR 75,000 ($1,007)

How to build a gaming PCStep 1: Prepare your motherboard

Parts used: Motherboard

Assembling the motherboard outside of the case will make your whole experience much easier to affect . Our general rule of thumb is to put in as many parts as possible before screwing it into your case. a crucial thing to notice before starting on your motherboard is that you simply should ask its manual as often as possible, as your specific motherboard may suggest specific ways or places to put in your components. Also, confine mind that certain parts would require some force when plugging them in, while others simply just got to be placed into their respective spots. Please pay close attention to the subsequent instructions before installing your components.

The first thing you’ll be wanting to try to to is confirm you’re assembling your PC on a flat surface. Don’t build it on a carpet–the mixture of electricity and your PC’s parts may be a dangerous combination and will cause damage to your components. It’s unlikely to happen, but we still suggest touching your metal case from time to time to assist ground yourself and avoid this from happening.
Instead, build your rig during a room with hardwood or laminate floors sort of a dining room or kitchen–we even went the additional mile and took our socks off. Take your motherboard out of its packaging then place it on a flat surface. you’ll lay it directly on your table, but we personally placed it on top of its box to avoid scratching our desk. At now , you’re able to start.

Step 2: Install the CPU

Parts used: CPU, motherboard

The easiest a part of your entire build is additionally the first: installing our AMD Ryzen CPU. Your motherboard’s CPU socket are going to be protected by a bit of plastic, which you will be ready to remove once you open the tray. All you would like to try to to is gently down on the tray’s metal arm and pull it out. Once it’s freed from the tray, lift it up to open the socket and therefore the protective plastic will fall out. make certain to stay this plastic piece just in case of any issues together with your motherboard, as you will need to reinsert it before sending it back to the manufacturer.

At now, your CPU socket tray should be open, allowing you to put in your CPU on to your motherboard. Your CPU should have some small half-circle indents in its board. The CPU socket is meant to fill these indents, making it easy to line up your CPU and install it properly. Once you’ve found out the way to place your CPU into its socket, do so gently. Don’t apply pressure directly on the CPU–simply close the tray and confirm the metal arm is locked into its original position, which can require a touch of force.

Step 3: Install M.2 SSD(s)

Parts used: M.2 SSD(s), motherboard

M.2 SSDs are another easy step within the process, but do not forget to reference your manual to seek out out which M.2 slots you ought to use first. Your motherboard may have protective thermal guards on your M.2 slots, so remove those first. Once you’ve taken any guards off the motherboard, you’ll squeeze your M.2 SSDs. These require a touch little bit of force to fit into their respective slots, but don’t push too hard–they should slide in quite easily. Once the M.2 SSDs are in their slots, the other end should be pointing upward at a diagonal angle. At now , you’re taking the respective screw (that is usually included together with your motherboard), push each M.2 SSD down, and screw them into the acceptable spots. At now , you’ll take the thermal guard and place it on top of every M.2 SSD, screwing it back to place.

Step 4: Install the RAM

Parts used: RAM, motherboard

This is another step where you’ll be wanting to reference your motherboard’s manual, which should be ready to tell you which of them order to put the RAM in. If you’ve got four slots and only two sticks of RAM, then you ought to confirm the 2 sticks are spaced apart in either the primary and third slot or second and fourth–your motherboard manual can advise you here. Placing your RAM apart like this may assist you get the foremost out of your CPU. First off, make certain to flip down the plastic clips on each side of every slot you propose on using. Inserting the RAM requires more force, but confirm you begin small then build up your pressure gradually. once you hear a click, your RAM is in its slot. this could cause the plastic clips to flip up, gripping your RAM. If you notice your clips haven’t flipped up, then your RAM might not be seated properly.

Step 5: Get your case ready for your motherboard

Parts used: Case

It’s almost time to throw your motherboard into your case, but first you will need to screw in some standoff screws that you’re going to place your motherboard onto before screwing it in. These standoffs will accompany your motherboard, and once you’ve located them, you’ll start screwing them into your case. There should be a few dozen holes for the standoffs to suit into. ask your case’s manual if you’re having trouble finding them. Once the standoffs are screwed in, you’re able to insert your motherboard.

Step 6: Install your motherboard into your case

Parts used: Motherboard, case

The standoffs make it easy to put your motherboard into your case, but don’t start screwing it in immediately . There should be an area on the rear of your case for your motherboard’s I/O ports to suit into. It’ll be a rectangle, and you will want your motherboard to be inserted comfortably into this space in order that you’ll access all of the ports. Once everything fits, you’ll start screwing your motherboard onto the standoffs with the acceptable screws. do not forget that you simply don’t need to screw anything too tightly. Just turn your screwdriver until everything is securely tightened, then you’re able to advance .

Step 7: Install your power supply (PSU)

Parts used: Power supply, case, motherboard

Installing the facility supply into your case is usually quite easy. you’ll be wanting to ask your specific case’s manual for this, but it’s pretty straightforward. First, we took our case’s mounting bracket and screwed it onto the rear of our power supply. You’ll notice your power supply also sports a lover , which is employed to circulate air. If you’re planning on placing your finished gaming PC on a hardwood floor or desk, then be happy to aim this fan downward; if you’re placing your gaming PC on a carpeted floor, then you’ll be wanting to aim the fan upward.

Once you’ve found out which way your PSU must be oriented, and screwed on the mounting bracket, you’ll easily slide it into your case and tighten the bracket’s screws. counting on what proportion room you’ve got for your PSU, you’ll want to carry off on screwing it in until you’ve plugged altogether of its various power cables.

Step 8: Connect any SATA hard drives/SSDs

Parts used: SATA drives, case, power supply

Now that the facility supply is installed, you’ll start connecting any SATA hard drives or SSDs. Your case should have a selected bay area dedicated to holding these sorts of drives. Locate this area, then search for two metal clasps on the left and right side of every bay. Squeeze these clasps then pull the bay out. 

Here is where you will be ready to screw in your SATA drive and keep it stable inside your case. Once this is often done, you’ll be wanting to reinsert the bay into its place, then plug a SATA and PSU cable into your disk drive . Find the SATA slot on your motherboard and plug the opposite side of the acceptable cable into it, then plug the opposite side of the PSU cable into your power supply. Your drive is now installed, though you’ll got to format it once your PC is up and running.

Step 9: Plug your case and power cables into the 

Parts used: Case, power supply, motherboard

Now, you’re able to start plugging cables into your motherboard. This part requires some patience, as your case cables are extremely tiny and may be difficult to orient. you’ll be wanting to reference both your case and motherboard manuals during this step. Some motherboards, like our Aorus Ultra, accompany a bus that you simply can plug the case cables into before inserting them into the motherboard. This makes this step much easier.

Your case cables make it so you’ll use the varied ports on the front of your PC additionally to the facility button itself. Of course, nothing goes to happen once you press that button if you do not plug your PSU into your motherboard. you’ll be wanting to plug the 24-pin ATX and EPS12V cables into their respective spots on both the motherboard and PSU. you will be plugging altogether of your power cables into the PSU, including fans, SATA drives, and your cooling system.

Step 10: Install your CPU cooling system

Parts used: Cooling system, CPU, motherboard

Installing your cooling system are often a somewhat nerve-wracking experience, particularly when applying the thermal paste, but it is a lot easier than it sounds. the primary thing you would like to try to to is mount the system’s bracket to the motherboard. you will need access to the rear of the motherboard tray, as you will be screwing a part of it to the rear of the tray. This’ll offer you the spots you would like to line the cooler’s pump onto your CPU and motherboard. Before you are doing this, however, there are a couple of other steps.

Liquid-based CPU cooling systems accompany a radiator equipped with fans, which you’ll be wanting to screw into your case. Of course, you will need to work out where you would like to put in it. We recommend screwing it into your case’s top grill, as it’ll leave more airflow, but some cases might not have a top grill, and you will got to install it on the rear of the case. Once you work out what position you are going to travel with, you’ll screw the radiator into the grill itself. Once you’re done this, you’re able to attach the pump.

First, you’ll be wanting to use some thermal paste. Some coolers accompany thermal paste already applied; if that’s the case, your cooler’s thermal paste is presumably capable of handling the work , and you’ll be ready to skip this next step. you’ll also easily remove the cooler’s paste with a dry cloth if you purchased thermal paste you’d rather accompany . you’ll be wanting to use a pea-sized glob of thermal paste into the middle of your CPU. During this step, always go smaller than bigger. Once applied, you’ll press the cooler into its position on the CPU and thermal paste. If you are feeling like you’ve accidentally applied an excessive amount of thermal paste, don’t worry: It’s as easy as wiping the CPU off with a dry cloth and lotion and trying again.

Once the pump is installed, you’ll be wanting to form sure all of your cooling system’s wires are plugged into the proper spots. Our particular cooler required us to plug a micro-USB cable into our pump and therefore the other side into our motherboard.
Step 11: Start cable management

Parts used: Case

Before we advance to the last step of physically building your PC, you’ll want to try to to some cable management to wash up. This’ll create some room for air circulation and accessing your components if you ever want to upgrade later. Most cases accompany Velcro straps or zip ties, but I always keep a bag of Velcros available just just in case . The case we went with, Fractal’s Meshify C, includes an awesome area for cable management that’s equipped with a series of Velcro straps. It’s located on the rear of the motherboard tray. We were ready to slide all of our cables into this space and keep it all fastened up nicely.

The only zip ties we used were for our CPU cooling system’s wires, which were thin and plentiful. This made it easier for us to orient them through the holes in our case to succeed in our desired spot. Just confirm you do not over-tighten your zip ties as doing so could damage your cables.

Step 12: Install your graphics card

Parts used: Graphics card, motherboard

Finally, it’s time to debate the component you’re probably the foremost excited about. The graphics card is straightforward to put in . First, you will need to get rid of an appropriate number of slot inserts from the rear of your case to suit your graphics card. this may vary counting on which GPU you accompany , but two is typically the safe number–our MSI GeForce RTX 2080 Ti takes up two. 

Once you unscrew and take away them, find out which PCIe Express slot you will need to insert your card into, then flip its plastic notch at the far end of the slot downward to organize for installation. At now , all you would like to try to to is line up the graphics card with the PCIe Express slot then down until the plastic notch flips up and clicks. Again, you do not need tons of force to push it in, but you’ll got to push the graphics card into its slot until you get that click. Once you hear that, you’ll screw your graphics card’s mounting brackets into the case using the expansion slot’s screws and holes.

At now , you would like to plug your graphics card into your power supply to offer it power. (Low-end graphics cards don’t typically require extra power, so if that’s what you’re working with, you’re good to skip this step.) Take the acceptable cables included together with your power supply and plug one end into the graphics card; then, plug the opposite into the PSU. It’s okay if there are parts of the cables that go unused–just confirm every port on the graphics card has a part of the cable plugged in.

Step 13: Install your OS

Parts used: USB thumb drive, case

Once you’ve ensured a tidy PC with all of your cables managed, you ought to connect an HDMI cable to your PC and plug the opposite end into a monitor. Plug the facility cable into your PSU and therefore the other end into an outlet; then, flip the facility turn on the rear of your PC to its “On” position. Press the facility button on your PC, and if it activates , you’re almost good to travel .

At now , you will need another PC and a quick USB drive of a minimum of 8GB–we suggest the SanDisk Extreme Pro. You’ll then want to go over to Microsoft and follow the steps provided there. this may assist you create an installation device out of yourUSB drive, which you’ll plug into your PC before booting it up. Upon starting your PC, it should go straight into the Windows 10 installation process. Follow the steps here and await it to put in . Once you’re done, you ought to be good to travel , though you’ll got to buy a correct license for Windows 10 from Microsoft. If you are doing this from your new PC, it’ll activate automatically. On this is often all setup, you’re good to travel , barring the installation of an optical drive, if you chose to urge one.

If your PC doesn’t activate

If your PC doesn’t boot, don’t worry: It’s never the top of the planet . There are variety of things which will cause a PC to not boot abreast of your first try, and but any product malfunctions, they’re easily solvable. Here are a couple of belongings you can do to troubleshoot your powerless PC.

Is the power supply plugged into an outlet?

This is an easy fix. Just plug your PC into an outlet, and you ought to be good to travel.

Is the power supply’s switch turned on?

Make sure you’ve flipped your PSU’s switch into the ‘On’ position before powering on. this is often an easily overlooked issue with an answer that’s even as easy.

Are your power supply cables seated within the motherboard properly?

This is subsequent thing you ought to double-check. Reconnecting the cables might be what you would like to finally deliver power to your PC.
Are your case’s cables plugged into your motherboard properly?

It’s important to urge this step right because if you push your case’s power button and its specific cable isn’t plugged in correctly, it won’t be ready to start your PC. Some motherboards accompany a serial bus that you simply can plug your case’s cables into before connecting to your motherboard.

Are your parts installed correctly?

This is the last item to see because it are often the foremost time-consuming. Reconnecting your RAM and CPU or just switching the RAM sticks into different slots might be the answer you are looking for.

If all this fails, then your components could also be defective.

Unfortunately, this will happen. Sometimes when building a PC, you realize that one among your components isn’t working correctly. At now , you will need to contact the manufacturer of your part and ask them about their return policy. The overwhelming majority of massive PC component manufacturers have return policies which will cover defective parts, so you do not need to worry. It just might take a touch longer to enjoy your brand-new gaming computer.

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